Dr. Michael Lewis


Eye Exams

Eye exams are professional screenings used to assess the health of your eyes and diagnose vision disease and impairments. At Eyecare Kingston each exam is comprised of a series of tests that analyze three elements: refraction, functional vision evaluation, and ocular health assessment. A comprehensive eye exam can identify vision complications during their earliest stages, providing your eye doctor the opportunity to treat them more easily.

Vision Tests at Eyecare Kingston

Several different tests will be performed by your eye doctor during your eye exam. At Eyecare Kingston the tests are designed to check various aspects of your vision and to examine the appearance and function of all parts of your eyes. Here are some vision tests that you may encounter at Eyecare Kingston during a routine comprehensive eye exam:

  • Visual Acuity - Your eye doctor will test for visual acuity, the acuteness or clearness of vision.
  • Refraction - Eyecare Kingston will perform a refraction which tells your eye doctor what prescription you need in your glasses or contact lenses. Your eye doctor will carefully measure for the presence of myopia, (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism (warped vision due to corneal irregularities) and presbyopia (diminished focussing ability due to age).
  • Eye movement - Your eye doctor will examine the function of your eye muscles. At Eyecare Kingston your eyes' alignment and coordination will be closely evaluated. Coordinated eyes allow you to have stereoscopic (3D) vision and accurate depth perception.
  • Tonometry - Your Eyecare Kingston eye doctor will perform a tonometry test to measure the pressure inside your eyes, this is important in detecting glaucoma. At Eyecare Kingston, we use the patient-friendly Icare Tonometer, rather than the dreaded air-puff tonometers.
  • Slit-Lamp Examination - This instrument is a microscope that allows your eye doctor to closely look at all the structures of your eye inside & out.
  • Dilated Eye Exam - A dilated eye exam lets your eye doctor see the back of your eye, for a much better view of your retina, optic nerve and vessels. This test helps us gather a lot of information, such as some systemic diseases, including hypertension and diabetes.
  • Retinal Imaging -Eyecare Kingston uses retinal imaging to create a photograph of the interior surface of your eye, the retina.  The image includes important structures such as the optic disc, macula, and blood vessels. It allows your eye doctor to keep a permanent recorded image of your retinas for future comparison and aids in the detection of eye diseases that have no visual symptoms.
  • Color vision testing - You could have poor color vision and not even realize it. If you have difficulty distinguishing certain colors, your eye doctor may screen your vision for a color deficiency. To do this, your optometrist at Eyecare Kingston will show you several multicolored dot-pattern tests. If you have no color deficiency, you'll be able to pick out numbers and shapes from within the dot patterns. However, if you do have a color deficiency, you'll find it difficult to see certain patterns within the dots. Your doctor may use other tests, as well.
  • Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT) - You can think of an OCT like an MRI or Ultrasound, except it uses light to create an image.  This technology allows Eyecare Kingston to create detailed images of the deeper layers of the retina not readily visible with retinal photography or direct examination.  It is extremely valuable at helping your eye doctor diagnose & monitor glaucoma, macular degeneration, macular edema (a type of diabetic retinopathy), macular holes, epiretinal membranes and many more.
  • Peripheral Vision - In some cases, your eye doctor may want to check for the possible presence of blind spots (scotomas) in your peripheral or "side" vision by performing a visual field test. These types of blind spots can originate from eye diseases such as glaucoma. Analysis of blind spots also may help identify specific areas of brain damage caused by a stroke or tumor.

Are you aware…

that a periodic eye exam can reveal underlying health issues long before other symptoms are present? 1 in 7 patients presenting for an eye exam have asymptomatic eye disease. In addition to identifying vision complications and eye disease, a comprehensive eye examination can also reveal conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, or even a brain tumor. The Canadian Association of Optometrists recommends that adults under the age of 65 undergo an eye exam at least once every two years. At-risk patients and patients over the age of 65 should get an eye exam annually.

Frequently Asked Questions

I’m healthy and my vision is good. Do I still need an eye exam?

Yes. Eye examinations can reveal much more than vision impairments – they can detect serious diseases, such as diabetes and glaucoma. If you haven’t had an eye exam in the past 12 to 24 months, contact your Eyecare Kingston eye doctor to schedule an appointment.

What should I expect during my eye examination?

Exams usually take approximately half an hour and will consist of a series of tests using advanced diagnostic equipment. When you arrive you will be asked to complete a patient intake form, which will ask about your medical history and any vision complications you may be experiencing. Please remember to bring a current list of your medications and your vision insurance information.

Is Eyecare Kingston accepting new patients?

Yes. Eyecare Kingston is still welcoming new patients. If you would like to be seen by one of our optometrists , please give us a call.


Book an appointment today to have your eyes examined by our team of professionals.

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745 Gardiners Rd across from the Rio Can and right next door to the Boston Pizza.